(mag nee' zee um) (hye drox' ide)
P : Caution when used during pregnancy
|| See TERMINOLOGY & ABBREVIATIONS ||
Magnesium hydroxide is indicated as an antacid for the symptomatic relief of stomach discomfort, indigestion, hyperacidity, heartburn and flatulence; and as a laxative for constipation.
Adult: Up to 1 g orally daily, usually given in conjunction with an aluminium-containing antacid eg, aluminium hydroxide.
Adult: 2.4-4.8 g orally daily as a single dose or in divided doses.
Child: 6-11 yr: 1.2-2.4 g daily; 2-5 yr: 0.4-1.2 g daily. Doses may be given as a single dose or in divided doses.
|Contraindications||Intestinal obstruction, faecal impaction; renal failure; appendicitis.|
|Special Precautions||Colostomy, ileostomy; electrolyte imbalance. Monitor for toxicity in patients with impaired renal function. Pregnancy.|
|Adverse Drug Reaction(s)||GI irritation, diarrhoea, abdominal cramps; hypermagnesaemia (in patients with renal impairment). Paralytic ileus.|
|Drug Interactions||Decreases absorption of tetracyclines and biphosphonates. Separate administration of these and other drugs by around 2 hr.
|Pharmacology||For details of the mechanism of action, pharmacology and pharmacokinetics and toxicology|
|ATC Classification||G04BX01 - magnesium hydroxide; Belongs to the class of other urologicals.
A02AA04 - magnesium hydroxide; Belongs to the class of magnesium-containing antacids.
|Brand Name||Manufacturer/Marketer||Composition||Dosage Form||Pack Size & Price|
|ACME'S MILK OF MAGNESIA||The Acme Laboratories Ltd.||Magnesium Hydroxide BP 400mg/5ml||Suspension||114ml: 28.10 MRP|
|DUOLAX O-EMULSION||Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd.||Magnesium Hydroxide + Liquid Paraffin (300mg + 1.25 ml)/5 ml||Oral Emulsion||100 ml: 95.29 MRP|
|MAGMIL||Pacific Pharmaceuticals Ltd.||Magnesium Hydroxide BP 400mg/5ml||Suspension||50ml, 100ml, 200ml: 25.00, 60.00 & 100.00 MRP|
|MILK of MAGNESIA, Aexim||Aexim Pharmaceutical Ltd.||Magnesium Hydroxide BP 400mg/5ml||Suspension||114ml: 13.00 MRP|
|MILK of MAGNESIA, Doctor's||Doctors Chemical Works Ltd||Magnesium Hydroxide BP 400mg/5ml||Suspension||114ml: 28.00 MRP|
|MILK of MAGNESIA, Modern||Modern Pharmaceuticals Ltd||Magnesium Hydroxide BP 400mg/5ml||Suspension||100ml & 200ml: 28.00 & 50.00 MRP|
|MILK of MAGNESIA, Orion||Orion Pharma Ltd.||Magnesium Hydroxide BP 400mg/5ml||Suspension||100ml: 28.10 MRP|
|MILK of MAGNESIA, Pharmadesh||Pharmadesh Laboratories Limited||Magnesium Hydroxide BP 400mg/5ml||Suspension||114ml & 200ml: 27.10 & 50.19 MRP|
|MOM||Opsonin Pharma Limited||Magnesium Hydroxide BP 400mg/5ml||Suspension||114ml: 28.00 MRP|
Why is this medication prescribed?
Magnesium hydroxide is used on a short-term basis to treat constipation. This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
How should this medicine be used?
Magnesium hydroxide come as a tablet and liquid to take by mouth. It usually is taken as needed for constipation. Follow the directions on the package or on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take magnesium hydroxide exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.
Shake the liquid well before each use.
What special precautions should I follow?
Before taking magnesium hydroxide,
- tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to magnesium hydroxide or any other drugs.
- tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking, including vitamins.
- tell your doctor if you have or have ever had kidney disease.
- tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. If you become pregnant while taking magnesium hydroxide, call your doctor.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
This medication usually is taken as needed. If your doctor has told you to take magnesium hydroxide regularly, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Magnesium hydroxide may cause side effects. If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:
What storage conditions are needed for this medicine?
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.
Ref: MedlinePlus, U.S. Natl. Library of Medicine